The increasing importance of aquaculture has generated a range of innovations that can alleviate environmental degradation and improve output. A recent paper by Diana et al. published in BioScience discusses some of these recent improvements and outlines guidelines for future implementation of aquaculture programs. I don’t know much about aquaculture, but given the widespread interest in aquaculture in The Bahamas and elsewhere I suspect some of our readers may find their paper a worthwhile read.
From Diana et al. (2013):
“As aquaculture production expands, it is paramount that we avoid some of the mistakes made during the increased intensification of agriculture in the Green Revolution. Although agriculture intensification drove the higher production of food for human use, it also produced significant environmental damages, including the pollution of inland and coastal waterways, a high energy-and-water input to production ratio, and the widespread application of chemicals and antibiotics (Tilman et al. 2001). Therefore, understanding both environmental impacts and mitigation measures (Lotze et al. 2006) is important for designing responsible aquaculture production systems for tomorrow.”
James S. Diana , Hillary S. Egna , Thierry Chopin , Mark S. Peterson , Ling Cao , Robert Pomeroy , Marc Verdegem , William T. Slack , Melba G. Bondad-Reantaso and Felipe Cabello. 2013. Responsible Aquaculture in 2050: Valuing Local Conditions and Human Innovations will be Key to Success. BioScience 63(4):255-262.